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From Domestic Violence To Fertility Rates, All That The NFHS-5 Survey Revealed Regarding Women’s Condition In India

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Surveys are one of the best and most efficient ways to know what are the problem that a country is going through as well as the progress it has made in a particular time period. One such survey in India that has proved to be extremely useful is the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5). In fact, the recent report of the National Family Health Survey-5 was released by Dr Mansukh Mandviya, the Union Health Minister and it reveals some shocking statistics – a drop in fertility rate, a decline in the domestic violence against women, increased obesity, and more. 

On Thursday, the Union Health Minister, Dr Mansukh Mandivya, released the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) that highlighted the condition of women in India with regards to domestic violence, fertility rate, obesity, underage marriages, and more. 

Also Read: India Records More Women Than Men, For The First Time Ever!

Here’s a list of all that the NFHS-5 highlighted:

1. Decline in the domestic violence

According to the reports, there has been a decline in domestic violence against women – from 31.2% to 29.3%. However, only 14% of women who have experienced any physical or sexual abuse have ever brought up the issue or filed a complaint.

2. Drop in the fertility rate

As per the survey, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) – which is the average number of children per woman – in India has been dropping constantly and now it has further dropped from 2.2 to 2.0 at the national level.

3. Increase in obesity

The NFHS-5 report also suggests that obesity in women has increased from 21% to 24%. In fact, among women from Goa, Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Puducherry, Lakshadweep, Sikkim, Chandigarh, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala – which is around 34-36% are obese. 

Also Read: NFHS Reveals More Girls And Women Practicing Menstrual Hygiene. Finally, Some Good News!

4. Decline in underage marriage

Barring some states, underage marriages are declining in most states in India. The NFHS-5 data shows that the national average of underage marriages in India has decreased quite a lot – except for in Punjab, Tripura, Assam, Manipur, and West Bengal. 

5. Increase in women’s participation in household decisions

The NFHS-5 survey also shows an overall improvement in the Sustainable Development Goals indicators throughout the country. In fact, the survey shows that the participation of women in household decision-making is high – ranging from 80% in Ladakh to 99% in Nagaland and Mizoram. Additionally, in the last four years, there has been an increase in women having a bank/savings account from 53% to 79%.

Fertility Rates In India Fall Below Replacement Level, Signaling Population Is Stabilising. Some Good News!


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