Scientists In Israel Create The World’s First Synthetic Embryo. This Is A Revolutionary Step Ahead!
Science has always been taking huge leaps in ways that we least expect it to. One of the biggest examples of this, occurred recently, leaving us all spell-bound. Scientists at Israel’s Weizmann Institute have managed to achieve the impossible. They have created a synthetic embryo thereby proving that in the future, science might be able to play a huge part in the reproduction process.
These capable scientists have managed to create a synthetic embryo and this embryo-like structure is also growing rapidly. They have a visible intestinal tract, a beautiful beating heart and surprisingly. the beginnings of a brain as well. This definitely proves that science is way more capable than one might believe it to be.
Why Is It Being Called A Synthetic Embryo?
These embryos are being addressed as ‘synthetic embryos’ because of the fact that they have been produced without the need for sperm or fertilised eggs. Hence, this groundbreaking achievement has literally bypassed the need for sperms, eggs and the biological process of fertilisation. Upon comparison with a real embryo, it’s making a brilliant feat with a growth pattern which is clearly off the charts.Source: The Guardian
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What Does This Mean For The World?
The researchers from the Weizmann Institute had been experimenting with mice and ended up discovering that their stem cells can literally be converted into embryos. This could help us understand the development of tissues, organs and organisms better. Furthermore, researchers believe that this can pave the way for new sources of cells and tissues for human transplantation. For example, skin cells from a leukaemia patient could potentially be transformed into bone marrow stem cells to treat their condition.
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“Remarkably, we show that embryonic stem cells generate whole synthetic embryos, meaning this includes the placenta and yolk sac surrounding the embryo, We are truly excited about this work and its implications,” said Prof Jacob Hanna who led this research.
“In Israel and many other countries, such as the US and the UK, it is legal and we have ethical approval to do this with human-induced pluripotent stem cells. This is providing an ethical and technical alternative to the use of embryos,” She further added. The entire body of this work has been published in Cell.
They haven’t yet approached human embryos. But still, it opens up the door for uncountable possibilities in the field of science, biology as well as human development. The world is extremely excited to see what might come next.